Skip to main content
What Can Be Done About School Shootings?: A Review of the Evidence
  • Randy Borum, University of South Florida
  • Dewey Cornell, University of Virginia
  • William Modzeleski
  • Shane Jimerson, University of California - Santa Barbara

School shootings have generated great public concern and fostered a widespread impression that schools are unsafe for many students; this article counters those misapprehensions by examining empirical evidence of school and community violence trends and reviewing evidence on best practices for preventing school shootings. Many of the school safety and security measures deployed in response to school shootings have little research support, and strategies such as zero tolerance discipline and student profiling have been widely criticized as unsound practices. Threat assessment is identified as a promising strategy for violence prevention that merits further study. The article concludes with an overview of the need for schools to develop crisis response plans to prepare for and mitigate such rare events.

  • school violence
Publication Date
Citation Information
Randy Borum, Dewey Cornell, William Modzeleski and Shane Jimerson. "What Can Be Done About School Shootings?: A Review of the Evidence" EDUCATIONAL RESEARCHER Vol. 39 Iss. 1 (2010)
Available at: