The relative stabilities of the compounds in the binary Pd-Si system were assessed using first-principles calculations and experimental methods. Calculations of lattice parameters and enthalpy of formation indicate that Pd5Si-μPd5Si-μ, Pd9Si2-αPd9Si2-α, Pd3Si-βPd3Si-β, Pd2Si-γPd2Si-γ, and PdSi-δPdSi-δ are the stable phases at 0 K (–273 °C). X-ray diffraction analyses (XRD) and electron probe microanalysis (EPMA) of the as-solidified and heat-treated samples support the computational findings, except that the PdSi-δPdSi-δ phase was not observed at low temperature. Considering both experimental data and first-principles results, the compounds Pd5Si-μPd5Si-μ, Pd9Si2-αPd9Si2-α, Pd3Si-βPd3Si-β, and Pd2Si-γPd2Si-γ are treated as stable phases down to 0 K (−273 °C), while the PdSi-δPdSi-δ is treated as being stable over a limited range, exhibiting a lower bound. Using these findings, a comprehensive solution-based thermodynamic model is formulated for the Pd-Si system, permitting phase diagram calculation. The liquid phase is described using a three-species association model and other phases are treated as solid solutions, where a random substitutional model is adopted for Pd-fcc and Si-dia, and a two-sublattice model is employed for Pd5Si-μPd5Si-μ, Pd9Si2-αPd9Si2-α, Pd3Si-βPd3Si-β, Pd2Si-γPd2Si-γ, and PdSi-δPdSi-δ. Model parameters are fitted using available experimental data and first-principles data, and the resulting phase diagram is reported over the full range of compositions.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/ralph_napolitano/27/