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Article
Matter wave switching in Bose-Einstein condensates via intensity redistribution soliton interactions
Journal of Mathematical Physics (2011)
  • Rajendran Subramanian
Abstract
Using time dependent nonlinear (s-wave scattering length) coupling between the components of a weakly interacting two component Bose–Einstein condensate (BEC), we show the possibility of matter wave switching (fraction of atoms transfer) between the components via shape changing/intensity redistribution (matter redistribution) soliton interactions. We investigate the exact bright–bright N -soliton solution of an effective one-dimensional (1D) two component BEC by suitably tailoring the trap potential, atomic scattering length, and atom gain or loss. In particular, we show that the effective 1D coupled Gross–Pitaevskii equations with time dependent parame- ters can be transformed into the well known completely integrable Manakov model described by coupled nonlinear Schr\"odinger equations by effecting a change of variables of the coordinates and the wave functions under certain conditions related to the time dependent parameters. We obtain the one-soliton solution and demonstrate the shape changing/matter redistribution interactions of two and three-soliton solutions for the time-independent expulsive harmonic trap potential, periodically modulated harmonic trap potential, and kinklike modulated harmonic trap potential. The standard elastic collision of solitons occur only for a specific choice of soliton parameters.
Keywords
  • Muliticomponents Bose-Einstein condensates,
  • solitons
Publication Date
2011
Citation Information
Rajendran Subramanian. "Matter wave switching in Bose-Einstein condensates via intensity redistribution soliton interactions" Journal of Mathematical Physics Vol. 52 5 (2011) Iss. 2 (2011)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/rajendran_subramanian/1/