Implementation of Brazil's “family health strategy”: Factors associated with community health workers’, nurses’, and physicians’ delivery of drug use servicesInternational Journal of Drug Policy (2015)
Brazil's “family health strategy” (ESF), provides primary care, mostly to individuals in impoverished communities through teams of physicians, nurses, and community health workers (CHWs). ESF workers are called upon to offer drug use services (e.g., referrals, counseling) as drug use represents an urgent public health crisis. New federal initiatives are being implemented to build capacity in this workforce to deliver drug use services, yet little is known about whether ESF workers are providing drug use services already. Guided by social cognitive theory, this study examines factors associated with ESF workers’ provision of drug use services.
Cross-sectional surveys were collected from 262 ESF workers (168 CHWs, 62 nurses, and 32 physicians) in Mesquita, Rio de Janeiro State and Santa Luzia, Minas Gerais State. Outcome variable: provision of drug-use services. Predictors: capacity to engage in evidence-based practice (EBP), resource constraints, peer support, knowledge of EBP, and job title. Logistic regression was used to determine relative influence of each predictor upon the outcome.
Thirty-nine percent reported providing drug use services. Younger workers, CHWs, workers with knowledge about EBP and workers that report peer support were more likely to offer drug use services. Workers that reported resource constraints and more capacity to implement EBP were less likely to offer drug use services.
ESF workers require education in locating, assessing and evaluating the latest research. Mentorship from physicians and peer support through team meetings may enhance workers’ delivery of drug use services, across professional disciplines. Educational initiatives aimed at ESF teams should consider these factors as potentially enhancing implementation of drug use services. Building ESF workers’ capacity to collaborate across disciplines and to gain access to tools for providing assessment and treatment of drug use issues may improve uptake of new initiatives.
- Brazil family health strategy,
- transdisciplinary collaboration,
- community drug use services
Publication DateMay, 2015
Citation InformationSpector, A. Y., Pinto, R. M., Rahman, R., & da Fonseca, A. S. (2015). Implementation of Brazil’s "Family Health Strategy:" Factors associated with community health workers’, nurses’, and physicians’ delivery of drug use services. International Journal of Drug Policy, 26(5), 509-515. doi:10.1016/j.drugpo.2014.12.005