Obesity is a major public health issue challenging the health care system. The growing obesity problem in the U.S. has been attributed to an increased consumption of unhealthy foods and a decline in physical activity. Obesity has significant adverse lifelong health and social consequences, as well as a heavy financial toll. In an attempt to control the medical and social costs borne by society at large incidental to the obesity epidemic, federal and state governments have adopted various tax policies aimed at encouraging individuals to engage in more physical exercise and eat healthier. The goals of this Article are (a) to present a comprehensive synthesis of legislative efforts throughout the country to address the obesity epidemic through tax system; (b) to review the body of research literature on the efficacy of tax legislations to improve eating patterns and active lifestyle; and (c) to identify tax legislative strategies that may offer promising future pathways to address the problem.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/rafi_efrat/1/