The stabilization of fluid catalytic cracking reactors is tackled in this paper. A robust PID control law is developed in order to control the outlet reactor temperature. The suggested control is based on a reduced order model of the reactor given by a system of ordinary differential equations. The controller is synthesized using an input/output linearizing control law coupled to a proportional-derivative reduced order observer to infer on-line the unknown heat of reaction. The proposed control algorithm leads to a classical PID structure. New tuning rules are given, based on the system structure, estimations and closed-loop time constants. This control strategy turns out to be robust against model uncertainties, noisy temperature measurements and set point changes. The performance of the reaction temperature in a tubular riser reactor is numerically compared when the proposed control scheme and standard PID controllers are applied.
- PID control,
- robust temperature regulation,
- tubular reactor,
- tuning rules
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/rafael_maya_yescas/22/