Meta-Analytic Study: Student Connectedness across On-ground, Fully Online, and Hybrid ContextsWestern Psychological Association (2015)
This meta-analysis was conducted to assess student sense of classroom community across three class contexts in post-secondary education settings: On-ground (OG), Hybrid (Hy), and Fully Online (FO). The group comparison of OG versus FO resulted in a significant difference (Hedge’s g = 0.749, p < 0.001), representing a relatively large effect size. The outcome of the student connectedness and overall SOC in the OG versus Hy condition resulted in a smaller effect size, which was not statistically significant (g = -.0158, p = 0.566). When results from OL and Hy conditions were aggregated, a significant difference between them and OG contexts was observed (g = 0.459, p = 0.003).
Publication DateSpring 2015
LocationLas Vegas, Nevada
Citation InformationHannah L. Smith, An H. Dang and R. M. Mueller. "Meta-Analytic Study: Student Connectedness across On-ground, Fully Online, and Hybrid Contexts" Western Psychological Association (2015)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/r-mueller/38/