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Presentation
Feedback regulation of temporal muscle activation patterns for postural control before and after peripheral neuropathy
Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)
  • L H Ting, Emory Uni, Atlanta, GA, USA
  • D B Lockhart, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA
  • P I Stapley, University of Wollongong
  • J M Macpherson, Oregon Health and Science Uni, Beaverton, Oregon
RIS ID
42050
Publication Date
1-1-2005
Publication Details

Ting, L. H., Lockhart, D. B., Stapley, P. I. & Macpherson, J. M. 2005, 'Feedback regulation of temporal muscle activation patterns for postural control before and after peripheral neuropathy', in XVIIth Conference of the International Society for Posture and Gait Research (ISPGR), 29 May-2 June, Marseille, France, Gait and Posture, vol. 21, no. S1, pp. S62-S63.

Abstract

Introduction: Neural mechanislllS determining temporal pattcl1ls of muscle activity during poshlral responses are not understood. Fulluwing pyridoxine inuuced somatosensory loss in cats, unset latencies of automatic poshu-al responses are delayed, and balance is impaired. We introduce a new method for correlating temporal patterns of muscle activation with task-level variahles in the context of postural responses to perturbation. Methods: We measured postmal responses to support smface tronslations before and after loss of group I afferents indnced by pyridoxine intoxication. We reconstructed temporal EMG patterns llsing a feedback loop with delays, on CoM acceleration. velocity, and displacement. Resnlts: Prior to lesion, temporal EMG pattems were well reconstructed using delayed feedback on CoM kinematics. After neuropathy, the delay ill postural response latency was attributed to a loss of accderation feedback. A compensatOlY increase in velocity feedback was also observed Discussion: feedback on CoM acceleration is necessaty for normal posmral latencies associated with balance control. The sensory infonllation related to acceleration is encoded in group I sensory afferents. Conclnsion: Dynamics of high-level task variables detenlline temporal EMG patterns for poshlral control. Loss of large diameter proprioceptive afferents disrupts acceleration feedback.

Citation Information
L H Ting, D B Lockhart, P I Stapley and J M Macpherson. "Feedback regulation of temporal muscle activation patterns for postural control before and after peripheral neuropathy" (2005)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/pstapley/22/