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Unpublished Paper
R&D Policy in the United States: The Promotion of Nanotechnology
Monitoring and Analysis of Policies and Public Financing Instruments Conducive to Higher Levels of R&D Investment: The Policy Mix Project (2007)
  • Philip Shapira
  • Jue Wang, Georgia Institute of Technology
Abstract
This case study reviews the evolution of nanotechnology policies and programmes in the United States with a particular focus on three thematic areas: governance, interactions among R&D policies, and interaction between R&D policy and non-R&D policies. Federal R&D policy in nanotechnology has moved through several stages, including initial exploration before the 1980s, the promotion of scientific and technological breakthroughs in the 1980s, policy development in the 1990s and multiagency national initiatives in the 2000s. Since 2001, the major federal R&D policy mechanism in nanotechnology in the US has been the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI). NNI promotes policy deliberation and, most importantly, coordinates federal R&D investment in nanotechnology. ThePolicy Mix Project was coordinated by coordinated by the lead partner UNU-MERIT (Netherlands), with sponsorship from the European Commission, Directorate General for Research.
Keywords
  • R&D policy,
  • Nanotechnology,
  • United States,
  • Policy Mix
Publication Date
November, 2007
Citation Information
Philip Shapira and Jue Wang. 2007. "R&D Policy in the United States: The Promotion of Nanotechnology." Monitoring and Analysis of Policies and Public Financing Instruments Conducive to Higher Levels of R&D Investment: The Policy Mix Project. Atlanta, GA: Georgia Tech Program in Science, Technology and Innovation Policy.