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Article
Organizational and institutional influences on creativity in scientific research
Research Policy (2009)
  • Thomas Heinze, University of Bamberg
  • Philip Shapira
  • Juan D Rogers, Georgia Institute of Technology
  • Jacqueline M Senker, University of Sussex
Abstract
This paper explores institutional and organizational influences on creativity in scientific research. Using a method for identifying creative scientific research accomplishments in two fields of science (nanotechnology and human genetics) in Europe and the US, the paper summarizes results derived from twenty case studies of highly creative research accomplishments, focusing on contextual patterns at the group, organizational, and institutional levels. We find that creative accomplishments are associated with small group size, organizational contexts with sufficient access to a complementary variety of technical skills, stable research sponsorship, timely access to extramural skills and resources, and facilitating leadership. A potential institutional threat to creative science is the increase in competitive research council funding at the expense of flexible institutional sponsorship. Implications for research management and research policy are considered.
Keywords
  • scientific creativity,
  • organizational environment,
  • research context,
  • research management,
  • case study method
Publication Date
2009
Publisher Statement
The downloadable paper is a pre-print. For the revised and published version, see: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2009.01.014
Citation Information
Thomas Heinze, Philip Shapira, Juan D Rogers and Jacqueline M Senker. "Organizational and institutional influences on creativity in scientific research" Research Policy Vol. 38 (2009)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/pshapira/11/