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Socio-Economic Profile of Muslims: A State Profile of Maharashtra
Maharashtra State Minority Commission, Government of Maharashtra (2013)
  • Professor Vibhuti Patel
Abstract

Chapter 1: Pages 4-18 An Overview Prof. Vibhuti Patel, Head, Department of Economics SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai Chapter 2: Pages 19-69 Socio Economic Status of Muslims in Maharashtra Shri. Prakash Chandra Mishra, Research Scholar, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai Ms. Amruta Bavadekar, Independent Researcher Dr. Ruby Ojha, Associate Professor, Department of Economics SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai Chapter 3: Pages 70-87 Case Study I: Gilber Hill, Andheri (W) Mumbai Smt. Lalitha Dhara, Vice Principal, Ambedkar College of Arts and Commerce, Wadala, Mumbai Chapter 4: Pages 88-100 Case Study 2: Parbhani, Maharashtra Shri. Sanjay Phad, Assistant Professor, Department of Economics SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai Chapter 5: Pages 101-131 Case Study 3 Washim, Maharashtra Kishore Kadam, Assistant Professor, SNDT College of Arts and SCB College of Commerce and Economics for Women, Churchgate, Mumbai

Keywords
  • Employment,
  • Education,
  • enterprise development,
  • muslims,
  • women
Publication Date
Spring March 28, 2013
Publisher Statement
Overall Recommendations • Block wise disaggregated data- base on socio-economic indicators for Muslims in the state must be provided and regularly updated for proper targeting of development schemes and programmes. • In 49 Muslim inhabited blocks in Maharashtra, basic civil amenities such as water, street lights in the urban areas, sanitation, road, hospital/health centre, ICDS centers, school, multi-purpose activity centers, community libraries and banking facilities must be ensured on a top priority basis. • The government officers should be sensitized to issue BPL cards and judiciously implement anti poverty programmes and schemes for deserving muslims. Community Based Organisations and No-Government Organisations should be empowered to monitor procurement of BPL cards. • Wide publicity should be given to Maulana Azad Employment Loan Scheme, Educational loan and Scholarships. • Quarterly audit of budgetary allocation for social sector human development initiatives for Muslims must be done so that the funds can be utilized on time. • Reservation policy to be made applicable to Dalit and OBC Muslims as per Justice Rangnath Mishra’s recommendation. • The State must set an example by taking a lead in instituting an Empowered Equal Opportunities Commission as per the recommendations of Sachar Commission and Justice Ranganath Misha Commission. • Urdu medium schools to be adequately and consistently funded to meet the expenditure of school building, teachers’ salaries and campus/play-ground maintenance. • State initiative in construction of urban houses for the Muslims among whom 60% currently are living in the slums. • Priority Sector advances by the public sector banks should be increased to 15% of the total lending in agriculture and small scale industry as compared to current lending of 6% and 7% respectively. • To stop discrimination against Muslims in housing sector, stern action must be taken against housing societies and builders who discriminate against citizens on the basis of religion/caste in selling or renting out flats/houses. • Women headed households should be given special considenration in all affirmative and anti poverty programmes of the state. • Maulana Azad Minority Economic Development Mahamandal, Government of Maharashtra should give religion wise break up of beneficiaries of finaicial aid/loans under loan schems, subsidy, education loan, micro credit, mahila samriddhi, loans for farmers and fisherfolks and micro fiancé for SHGs and vocational training scheme. To promote higher and vocational education among Muslims girls and women, colleges and vocational training institutions must be started in the areas inhabited by Muslims. Employment and Livelihood  Ensuring that the selection panels for government jobs has a representative from the Muslim community.  Ensure minorities do not face discrimination regarding bank loans. The government should clearly indicate that such forms of discriminations are unacceptable  There is a need for strengthening SHG programmes to ensure that the people do not have to take loans from private money lenders on high rate of interests.  It has to extend the outreach of schemes such as Sanjay Gandhi Nradhar Anudhan Yojana  Sharvanbal Seva Raj Nivrattan Yojana  National Family Benefits Scheme  Extend the Coverage of the Unorganized Sector Workers Bill to the people of Behrampada  Ensure that the people are covered by insurance polices that are people friendly  The various schemes for minorities have not reached the residents of Behrampada  Sensitization of the bureaucrats, staff and the police.  Employment of Muslims in Muslim concentrated areas.  Professional skills and self employment opportunities among Muslims.  The Government should strengthen its health and education delivery systems to ensure that people do not get indebted due to these basic requirements of the people.  All rural and urban slaughter houses in the state need modernization that meets the standards of environmental and health safety standards.  Hostels for working people Creation of Skilled Labour Force At least 20 new ITIs in Urdu Medium must be recognised on grant-in-Aid basis. And at least 20 Second shift ITIs in Urdu/Marathi medium must be started in Govt/ Aided ITIs exclusively for minorities.  18. At least 10 new polytechnics in Urdu Medium (with affiliation from Maulana Azad National Urdu University, Hyderabad) and 10 new polytechnics in English Medium must be started by the State Government for minorities.  These can be started as Second Shift Polytechnics using same infrastructure of Govt/Semi Government Polytechnics as suggested by National Knowledge Commission and A.I.C.T.E. For effective time bound implementation of minority welfare schemes, following are the suggestions to be worked out at State level and local level by the Government and Non-Government Organizations. 1. Administrative set up of District Minority Welfare Officer, at each district Head Quarter is essential at par with District Social Welfare Officer by the State Government. (A.P. and U.P. model can be referred in this regard) 2. For empowerment of Minorities, a State level Minorities Welfare Action Committee must be constituted. 3. For mass awareness of the schemes up to root level, programs must be organized at each taluqa/minority populated areas. 4. In depth study of implementation of each and every scheme, practical difficulties observed during its implementation, number of deserved applicants, all such aspects must be considered to review the existing schemes to cater the needs of a large number of minorities. 5. Property-homes, shops etc. of the muslims must be insured keeoing in mind fear of riots.  Amendment of the Maharashtra Slum Rehabilitation Act 1970 The Maharashtra Slum Rehabilitation Act has to be revised to create housing for all the existing residents of the area. They are among the poorest people in Maharashtra and they are a vulnerable community. Their problems are located in the overall neglect of the urban poor in state policies.  Establishment of People’s Action Committee for Area Development There is a need for a People’s Action Committee for the Development of Behrampada to facilitate the development of the area. Comprising high level officials, BMC engineers community leaders (both men and women) and local NG0s, this committee will be responsible for the identification of bonafide residents. This need arises from the discussions we have had with the local bureaucrats and the community. The understanding we received was that when the housing board wished to build houses after the fire in Behrampada, they were faced with the difficulty of identifying the bonafide beneficiary, since so many came with the same set of documents claiming ownership entitlements. It was narrated that the surveyor had a knife placed at his throat and the records torn by the hoard of angry residents who crowded them demanding the inclusion of their names. This observation was reiterated by the women in the area. A few said that they were the original residents of the area, but many more were claiming ownership rights.  The need for area development committee is necessitated by the principles of democratic and participatory development. It will ensure that the people have a say in their own development.  This monitoring of the development programme by this committee will circumvent the problems of identification of beneficiaries and maintain vigilance against corruption and delays in the completion of the projects.  It will also be able to mediate between those responsible for the execution of the project and the beneficiaries. Our discussions with the BMC officers and the community highlighted the difference in understanding/explaining delays. For instance the women living in the redeveloped part of Behrampada (i.e., the area destroyed by fire), complained about the difficulties of living without water. The water pipes had been laid but the supply had not been released. When we discussed this point with the BMC, we were told that this was because some miscreants had broken the pipes, to illegally divert water. The need to repair the pipes and ensure that they are not damaged was a major concern.  It will be able to ensure and insist that there is better coordination between the various departments of housing, roadwork, drainage, water supply and electricity so that the project can be completed on time with the minimum overflow of the sanctioned budget.  The Group will also ensure the education of the slum dwellers on the importance of sanitation and cleanliness in the environment to improve the quality of life issues.  In addition, on the principle of social justice, Government and civil societies should send a clear message all housing societies that do not admit Muslims are against the country’s policies of social inclusion. There should be a quota for Muslims in Government Housing schemes. Food Security National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) reports for 1993-94, 1999-2000 and 2004-05 (NSSO 1996, 2001 and 2007) on Calorie Deprivation In Maharashtra revealed that Religion wise distribution indicates that Muslims are the most vulnerable in urban areas with an incidence of calorie-poor of 55%. Their population share is only 17% but their share of the calorie poor is nearly one fourth. The recommendations made here is only concerned with questions of distributive justice, although the policy makers will no doubt take into account the need for efficiency in the procurement, transportation and storage of food supplies along with efficiency of distribution. The findings of the study indicate the following shortcomings of the existing TPDS system:  The procedure for the acquisition of ration cards places the most vulnerable people (the homeless, migrants, single women and tenants) outside the eligibility criteria.  The rules governing proof of residence, income, etc. should be simplified. Deserted women in particular would find it difficult to acquire these documents.  It is necessary to revise the Poverty Line Index on the basis of the current inflations. Additionally, it must factor in the high cost paid by the family for health and education, home repair and other basic amenities of water, electricity in the calculations.  The existence of TVs or other major durable commodities cannot be criteria for the measurement of poverty: For these commodities may be discards and pre-owned products that do not indicate the economic well-being of the households.  The TPDS should be need-based rather than supply based. The coverage should be extended to all households requiring subsidies. The short supply and pilfering of essential commodities.  There are errors of inclusion and exclusion in the TPDS system.  Policies should ensure that women from minority communities have access to welfare schemes.  Government Regulations to improve services should be widely disseminated. Government GRs are not necessarily known to the local officers and NGOs. Information should be published in the local papers. This study calls for the following interventions 1) legislative changes of policies; 2) streamlining and monitoring of food storage and distribution network; 3) strict vigilance at the local fair price shops to ensure that there is no pilfering of essential grains; and 4) quality control of grains and lentils supplied in the TPDS. The right to food security should be available to everyone irrespective of caste, or religious/ethnic identity. It should be demand based and not supply based.
Citation Information
Professor Vibhuti Patel. "Socio-Economic Profile of Muslims: A State Profile of Maharashtra" Maharashtra State Minority Commission, Government of Maharashtra Vol. 1 Iss. 1 (2013)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/professor_vibhutipatel/35/