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Waypoints on a journey of discovery: mental models in human environment interactions
SMART Infrastructure Facility - Papers
  • Timothy Lynam, CSIRO
  • Raphael Mathevet, UMR Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
  • Michel Etienne, INRA, Unité Ecodéveloppement
  • Samantha Stone-Jovicich, CSIRO
  • Anne Leitch, CSIRO
  • Nathalie Jones, University of Queensland
  • Helen Ross, University of Queensland
  • Derick Du Toit, AWARD
  • Sharon Pollard, AWARD
  • Harry Biggs, SANParks
  • Pascal Perez, University of Wollongong
RIS ID
65711
Publication Date
1-1-2012
Publication Details

Lynam, T., Mathevet, R., Etienne, M., Stone-Jovicich, S., Leitch, A., Jones, N., Ross, H., Du Toit, D., Pollard, S., Biggs, H. & Perez, P. (2012). Waypoints on a journey of discovery: mental models in human environment interactions. Ecology and Society: a journal of integrative science for resilience and sustainability, 17 (3), 23-33.

Abstract

Although the broad concept of mental models is gaining currency as a way to explore the link between how people think and interact with their world, this concept is limited by a theoretical and practical understanding of how it can be applied in the study of human-environment relationships. Tools and processes are needed to be able to elicit and analyze mental models. Because mental models are not directly observable, it is also important to understand how the application of any tools and processes affects what is measured. Equally important are the needs to be clear on the intent of the elicitation and to design the methods and choose the settings accordingly. Through this special edition, we explore how mental models are elicited using two approaches applied in two case-study regions. We analyze two approaches used in the Crocodile River catchment of South Africa: a graphically based approach, i.e., actors, resources, dynamics, and interactions (ARDI); and an interview- or text-based approach, i.e., consensus analysis (CA). A further experiment in the Rhone Delta (Camargue), France, enabled us to test a crossover between these two methods using ARDI methodology to collect data and CA to analyse it. Here, we compare and explore the limitations and challenges in applying these two methods in context and conclude that they have much to offer when used singly or in combination. We first develop a conceptual framework as a synthesis of key social and cognitive psychology literature. We then use this framework to guide the enquiry into the key lessons emerging from the comparative application of these approaches to eliciting mental models in the two case regions. We identify key gaps in our knowledge and suggest important research questions that remain to be addressed.

Citation Information
Timothy Lynam, Raphael Mathevet, Michel Etienne, Samantha Stone-Jovicich, et al.. "Waypoints on a journey of discovery: mental models in human environment interactions" (2012) p. 23 - 33
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/pperez/7/