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Unpublished Paper
Costly voting with multiple candidates
University of Illinois (2016)
  • Mariam Arzumanyan, Central Bank of Armenia
  • Mattias K Polborn
We analyze a costly voting model with more than three candidates. We show that there are two different types of equilibria. In the first one, all candidates receive votes and have an equal chance of winning, independent of their popular support levels. In the second type of equilibrium, only two candidates receive votes and have a positive winning probability.
Furthermore, in both types of equilibria, all voters who cast votes do so for their most preferred candidate, i.e., there is no ``strategic voting.''

  • costly voting,
  • endogenous participation
Publication Date
February 29, 2016
Citation Information
Mariam Arzumanyan and Mattias K Polborn. "Costly voting with multiple candidates" University of Illinois (2016)
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