Space, Settlements, Towns: The Influence of Geography and Market Access on Settlement Distribution and UrbanizationMimeo Oxford (2012)
The spatial distribution of economic activity is strongly linked to the structure of the urban system. The origin and development of the spatial pattern of this system is separated into two stages, the diﬀusion of settlements and their potential transition to urban status. The theoretical framework incor porates the inﬂuence of geographic characteristics and location interdependence as central mechanisms in both stages. Their relative importance for both is tested empirically with the historical settlement pattern in Saxony as a case study. After investigating with a spatial point process approach how geographic endowments and location interdependence shape the spatial distribution of all settlements within the state, I apply a spatial probit es- timation to determine how these endowments and interdependence, which resembles a market access eﬀect, inﬂuence the likelihood that a settlement transitioned to a town. The results indicate that geographic factors are the primary inﬂuence on the spatial distribution and urbanization of settlements, while the spatial relationship has a signiﬁcant but small clustering impact. Furthermore the determinants of the spatial distribution of size based and institutional towns are compared, demonstrating that the inﬂuence of location interdependence is quite close, while there are some signiﬁcant diﬀerences in the inﬂuence of physical geography.
Citation InformationFlorian Ploeckl. "Space, Settlements, Towns: The Influence of Geography and Market Access on Settlement Distribution and Urbanization" Mimeo Oxford (2012)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/ploeckl/8/