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Article
Do spirituality and religiosity help in the management of cravings in substance abuse treatment?
Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)
  • Sarah J. Mason, University of Wollongong
  • Frank P. Deane, University of Wollongong
  • Peter Kelly, University of Wollongong
  • Trevor P. Crowe, University of Wollongong
RIS ID
29845
Publication Date
1-1-2009
Publication Details

Mason, SJ, Deane, FP, Kelly, P & Crowe, TP, Do spirituality and religiosity help in the management of cravings in substance abuse treatment?, Substance Use and Misuse, 44(13), 2009, 1926-1940.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of spirituality, religiosity and self-efficacy with drug and/or alcohol cravings. A cross-sectional survey was completed by 77 male participants at an Australian Salvation Army residential rehabilitation service in 2007. The survey included questions relating to the participants’ drug and/or alcohol use and also measures for spirituality, religiosity, cravings, and self-efficacy. The sample included participants aged between 19 and 74 years, with more than 57% reporting a diagnosis for a mental disorder and 78% reporting polysubstance misuse with alcohol most frequently endorsed as the primary drug of concern (71%). Seventy-five percent of the clients reported that spirituality and religious faith were useful components of the treatment program. A multivariate multiple regression analysis identified that spirituality and self-efficacy have significant relationships with cravings. Self-efficacy mediated the relationship between spirituality and drug and/or alcohol cravings. The limitations of this study included its cross-sectional design and a sample that was drawn from a faith-based program. Future research would benefit from the longitudinal examination of the relationship between spirituality, self-efficacy, and cravings; the exploration of a broader range of client-specific and interpersonal variables; and the inclusion of a control group from a secular treatment facility.

Citation Information
Sarah J. Mason, Frank P. Deane, Peter Kelly and Trevor P. Crowe. "Do spirituality and religiosity help in the management of cravings in substance abuse treatment?" (2009) p. 1926 - 1940
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/pkelly/17/