The transition to work is "a key stage in laying the basis for continuing progression in learning and work throughout adult life" and "remains a key policy issue" among OECD members. For one thing, training and education—while presenting youth with diverse pathways—often fail to motivate youth, leaving them unsure of how to benefit from such opportunities. Those at greatest risk against the labour market must be taking seriously into account, but the same has to be done with those who have chosen to follow a tertiary education pathway. The transition process is tending to become longer. It is also complex, involving the interaction of different kinds of policies: those of education, the labour market, social and social welfare. The OECD is drawing conclusions on the situation of youth school-to-work transition, on a relatively global basis as well as looking at the particularity of certain themes within six countries reviewed in 1997, which are: Australia, Austria, Canada (Nova Scotia & Quebec), the Czech Republic, Norway and Portugal. The diversity of their social and economic contexts as well as their policy approaches was the reason for selecting this set of countries, though it is acknowledged that the generalizations which can be made on this initial basis are going to be limited, and will have to be carefully contrasted against the full group of 14 countries participating in the review when it concludes in 1999.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/phil_mckenzie/130/