- Scanning probe microscopy -- Data processing,
- Metrology -- Standards,
- Image processing,
- Crystals -- Structure
Nanometrology device standards and methods for fabricating and using such devices in conjunction With scanning probe microscopes are described. The fabrication methods comprise: (1) epitaxial growth that produces nanometer sized islands of knoWn morphology, structural, morphological and chemical stability in typical nanometrology environments, and large height-to-width nano-island aspect ratios, and (2) marking suitable crystallographic directions on the device for alignment With a scanning direction.