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System, Society and Dominance Effects in Cross-National Organizational Analysis
Work Employment and Society
  • Chris Smith, Aston University
  • Peter F. Meiksins, Cleveland State University
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Current cross-national organisational theory remains tied to stark polarisation between convergence and divergence, universal and relative, frames of analysis. Attempts at synthesis between these forces allow for, but do not always explain, why the organisation of work should be constantly pressured to conform to one particular `best practice'. Our approach examines three sources of external influence on work organisation practices: (i) the economic mode of production; (ii) national legacies and institutional patterns; and (iii) `best practice' or universal modernisation strategies generated and diffused by the `society-in-dominance' within the global economy at a particular period of time. In other words, the influences upon work within a particular country are the result of a three-way interaction of what we call system effects, societal effects and dominance effects. All societies are marked by these three influences, although the order of influence varies historically and between societies.
Citation Information
Chris Smith, Peter Meiksins. (1995). System, Society and Dominance Effects in Cross-National Organisational Analysis. Work Employment and Society, 9, 2, 241-267.