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No TitleEffect of concurrent resistance and sprint training on body composition and cardiometabolic health indicators in masters cyclists
Journal of exercise rehabilitation (2016)
  • Luke Delvecchio, Central Queensland University
  • Peter Reaburn, University of New South Wales
  • Gail Trapp, University of Jyvaskyla
Abstract
In older previously sedentary individuals endurance training imposes a more effective stimulus to enhance cardiometabolic health compared with resistance or sprint training. We examined the effect of replacing a portion of endurance training with combined resistance and/or sprint training and how this influences cardiometabolic health indicators in masters endurance cyclists. Twenty-seven well-trained male road cyclists (53.7±8.2 years) were allocated to a resistance and track sprint-cycling training group (RTC, n=10), an endurance and track sprint-cycling group (ETC, n=7) or a control endurance group (CTRL, n=10). Both the RTC and ETC groups completed a 12-week intervention of specific training while the CTRL group maintained their endurance training load. Lower limb lean mass (LLM), trunk fat mass (TFM), fasting blood glucose (FBG), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), systolic blood pressure (SBP), and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were measured before and after the intervention period. TFM decreased for all groups (P<0.05) while LLM significantly increased for RTC and ETC groups (P<0.05). No significant between group or time effects were observed for FBG, TC, TG, SBP, or DBP. The results suggest that replacing a portion of endurance training with 12 weeks of ETC or RTC training favourably affects body composition by lowering TFM and increasing LLM without negatively affecting cardiometabolic health indicators in well-trained masters endurance cyclists.
Keywords
  • Blood lipids,
  • Aging,
  • Resistance training,
  • Cycling,
  • Blood pressure
Publication Date
October, 2016
DOI
https://doi.org/10.12965/jer.1632672.336
Publisher Statement
Published version

Delvecchio, L., Reaburn, P., Trapp, G., & Korhonen, M. T. (2016). Effect of concurrent resistance and sprint training on body composition and cardiometabolic health indicators in masters cyclists. Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation, 12(5), 442-450. https://doi.org/10.12965/jer.1632672.336

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Copyright © 2016 Korean Society of Exercise Rehabilitation
Citation Information
Luke Delvecchio, Peter Reaburn and Gail Trapp. "No TitleEffect of concurrent resistance and sprint training on body composition and cardiometabolic health indicators in masters cyclists" Journal of exercise rehabilitation Vol. 12 Iss. 3 (2016) p. 442-450 - 9 ISSN: 2288-176X
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/peter-reaburn/19/
Creative Commons license
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons CC_BY-NC International License.