Skip to main content
Contribution to Book
Implications of Upper Columbia River Lithic Technology for Prehistoric Fishing in the Rockies
Lithics in the West: Using Lithic Analysis to Solve Archaeological Problems in Western North America (2014)
  • Pei-Lin Yu
  • Jackie M. Cook
Abstract

Lithic tools used for fish processing in North America range from hafted lanceolate bifaces and microlithic blades to handheld lunate tools. Despite use wear and residue analysis, archaeologists still lack diagnostic means to identify archaeological fish processing tools at larger scales, resulting in a dearth of knowledge about past fishing behavior. This paper describes and predicts variability in tool shape using ethnographic fish processing data and functional morphology of tabular quartzite tools from Kettle Falls, a major Columbia River salmon fishery. Gender-specific organization of labor during intensive fish harvest and technological behavior associated with large-scale processing practiced by aquatic-focused foragers are featured. A model for fishing tool use is evaluated using data from the Kettle Falls lithic collection. The paper describes expectations for diagnostic characteristics of fish processing tools at smaller organizational scales expected in the Rockies and discusses the increase in Native American fishing due to resource pressures from Euro-American incursions.

Publication Date
2014
Editor
Douglas H. MacDonald, William Andrefsky Jr., Pei-Lin Yu
Publisher
University of Montana Press
ISBN
9780989403146
Publisher Statement
This document was originally published by the University of Montana Press in Lithics in the West: Using Lithic Analysis to Solve Archaeological Problems in Western North America. Copyright restrictions may apply.
Citation Information
Pei-Lin Yu and Jackie M. Cook. "Implications of Upper Columbia River Lithic Technology for Prehistoric Fishing in the Rockies" Missoula, MTLithics in the West: Using Lithic Analysis to Solve Archaeological Problems in Western North America (2014)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/pei-lin_yu/22/