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Article
Acetaminophen Protects Against Iron-Induced Cardiac Damage in Gerbils
MIIR Faculty Research
  • Ernest M. Walker, Jr., Marshall University
  • Christopher P. Epling, Marshall University
  • Cordel Parris, Marshall University
  • Silvestre Cansino, Marshall University
  • Protip Ghosh, Marshall University
  • Devashish H. Desai, Marshall University
  • Ryan G. Morrison, Marshall University
  • Gary L. Wright, Marshall University
  • Paulette Wehner, Marshall University
  • Elsa I. Mangiarua, Marshall University
  • Sandra M. Walker
  • Eric R. Blough, Marshall University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
1-1-2007
Abstract
There are few effective agents that safely remove excess iron from iron-overloaded individuals. Our goal was to evaluate the iron-removing effectiveness of acetaminophen given ip or orally in the gerbil iron-overload model. Male gerbils were divided into 5 groups: saline controls, iron-overloaded controls, iron-overloaded treated with ip acetaminophen, iron-overloaded treated with oral acetaminophen, and iron-overloaded treated with ipdeferoxamine. Iron dextran was injected iptwice/wk for 8 wk. Acetaminophen and deferoxamine treatments were given on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays during the same 8 wk and continued for 4 wk after completion of iron-overloading. Echocardiograms were performed after completion of the iron-overloading and drug treatments. Liver and cardiac iron contents were determined by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). Iron-overloaded controls had 232-fold and 16-fold increases in liver and cardiac iron content, respectively, compared to saline controls. In iron-overloaded controls, echocardiography showed cardiac hypertrophy, right and left ventricular distension, significant reduction in left ventricular ejection fraction (−22%), and fractional shortening (−31%) during systole. Treatments with acetaminophen (ip or oral) or deferoxamine (ip) were equally effective in reducing cardiac iron content and in preventing cardiac structural and functional changes. Both agents also significantly reduced excess hepatic iron content, although acetaminophen was less effective than deferoxamine. The results suggest that acetaminophen may be useful for treatment of iron-induced pathology.
Comments

This article first appeared in the winter 2007 issue of Annals of Clinical & Laboratory Science, the member magazine of the Association of Clinical Scientists, Inc, and is reprinted with permission.

© 2007 by the Association of Clinical Scientists, Inc.

Citation Information
Walker, Ernest M., et al. "Acetaminophen protects against iron-induced cardiac damage in gerbils." Annals of Clinical & Laboratory Science, 37.1 (2007): 22-33.