In a within-subject placebo design, 10 heavy drinkers reporting alcoholic blackouts showed significant decrements in episodic memory when receiving alcohol but not on days when a placebo was given. Parallel deficits were observed on recall and recognition measures. On placebo days, self-ratings of intoxication were related to the degree of observed performance decrement. Memory deficits appear to be primarily pharmacologic rather than expectancy effects of drinking.
Effects of Alcohol and Expectancy Upon Episodic Memory in Individuals Reporting Alcoholic BlackoutsExperimental and Clinical Pyshcopharmacology
Document Object Identifier (DOI)10.1037/1064-12126.96.36.199
PublisherAmerican Psychological Association
Citation InformationMiller, W.R., Hertel, P., Saucedo, C., & Hester, R.K. (1994). Effects of alcohol and expectancy upon episodic memory in individuals reporting alcoholic blackouts. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 2(2), 161-166. doi: 10.1037/1064-12188.8.131.52