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Effects of Alcohol and Expectancy Upon Episodic Memory in Individuals Reporting Alcoholic Blackouts
Experimental and Clinical Pyshcopharmacology
  • W. R Miller
  • Paula T Hertel, Trinity University
  • C. Saucedo
  • R. K Hester
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Publication Date

In a within-subject placebo design, 10 heavy drinkers reporting alcoholic blackouts showed significant decrements in episodic memory when receiving alcohol but not on days when a placebo was given. Parallel deficits were observed on recall and recognition measures. On placebo days, self-ratings of intoxication were related to the degree of observed performance decrement. Memory deficits appear to be primarily pharmacologic rather than expectancy effects of drinking.

Document Object Identifier (DOI)
American Psychological Association
Citation Information
Miller, W.R., Hertel, P., Saucedo, C., & Hester, R.K. (1994). Effects of alcohol and expectancy upon episodic memory in individuals reporting alcoholic blackouts. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 2(2), 161-166. doi: 10.1037/1064-1297.2.2.161