Bilingual subjects (Spanish English) who had acquired fluency in their second language after 8 years of age rated 18 emotional and 18 neutral words for ease of pronunciation, implied activity, or emotionality; half of each type was presented in Spanish and half in English. During a subsequent, unexpected test of free recall subjects recalled more emotional than neutral words, but only for words that had been presented in the native language. This finding applied across native-language groups and suggests that emotion provides a basis for language specificity in bilingual memory.
Emotionality in Free Recall: Language Specificity in Bilingual MemoryCognition and Emotion
Document Object Identifier (DOI)10.1080/02699939408408956
Citation InformationAnooshian, L. J., & Hertel, P. T. (1994). Emotionality in Free Recall: Language Specificity in Bilingual Memory. Cognition and Emotion, 8(6), 503-514.