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Juror First Votes in Criminal Trials
Cornell Law Faculty Publications
  • Stephen P. Garvey, Cornell Law School
  • Paula Hannaford-Agor, National Center for State Courts
  • Valerie P. Hans, University of Delaware
  • Nicole L. Mott, National Center for State Courts
  • G. Thomas Munsterman, National Center for State Courts
  • Martin T Wells, Cornell University
Document Type
Published in vol. 1, issue 2 (July 2004) of the Journal of Empirical Legal Studies.

Our analysis of the voting behavior of over 3,000 jurors in felony cases tried in Los Angeles, Maricopa County, the District of Columbia, and the Bronx reveals that only in D.C. does a juror's race appear to relate to how he or she votes. African-American jurors in D.C. appear more apt to vote not guilty on the jury's first ballot in cases involving minority defendants charged with drug offenses. We find no evidence, however, that this effect survives into the jury's final verdict.

Date of Authorship for this Version
  • Jurors,
  • Criminal trials,
  • Race
Citation Information
Stephen P. Garvey, Paula Hannaford-Agor, Valerie P. Hans, Nicole L. Mott, et al.. "Juror First Votes in Criminal Trials" (2004)
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