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Monitoring adherence to medication by measuring change in blood pressure
Hypertension (2010)
  • Andrew Hayden, University of Sydney
  • Katy Bell, University of Sydney
  • Paul P. Glasziou
  • Bruce Neal, University of Sydney
  • Les Irwig, University of Sydney
Abstract

After starting antihypertensives, blood pressure is monitored for several reasons, including assessment of adherence. We aimed to estimate the accuracy of blood pressure monitoring for detecting early nonadherence. We conducted a secondary analysis of the Perindopril Protection Against Recurrent Stroke Study (PROGRESS), a large randomized trial of blood pressure lowering to reduce the risk of recurrent stroke. We compared change in blood pressure 3 months after randomization in people who had discontinued treatment (nonadherent) with those who stayed on treatment (adherent). We also used an indirect method, assessing whether change in blood pressure discriminated between active (adherent) and placebo (nonadherent) groups. Both methods gave similar results. For the 3433 subjects, the mean (SD) of the change in systolic blood pressure was −15.8 mm Hg (SD 18.7 mm Hg) in the adherent group and −4.2 mm Hg (SD 18.1 mm Hg) in the nonadherent group. After recalibration of the mean change in the nonadherent group to 0 mm Hg and in the adherent group to −11.6 mm Hg, the absence of a fall in systolic blood pressure at 3 months had a sensitivity of 50% and a specificity of 80% for detecting nonadherence (50% of nonadherent patients and 20% of adherent patients had a rise in blood pressure). Discriminatory power was modest over the range of cutoffs (area under the receiver–operator curve 0.67). Monitoring blood pressure is poor at detecting nonadherence to blood pressure–lowering treatment. Further research should look at other methods of assessing adherence.

Keywords
  • medication,
  • nonadherence,
  • blood pressure,
  • ROC curve,
  • angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors,
  • sensitivity and specificity
Publication Date
August 10, 2010
Citation Information
Andrew Hayden, Katy Bell, Paul P. Glasziou, Bruce Neal, et al.. "Monitoring adherence to medication by measuring change in blood pressure" Hypertension Vol. Before-print (2010)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/paul_glasziou/67/