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Article
What's in a name? The challenge of describing interventions in systematic reviews: analysis of a random sample of reviews of non-pharmacological stroke interventions
BMJ Open
  • Tammy Hoffmann, Bond University
  • Marion Walker, The University of Nottingham
  • Peter Langhorne, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
  • Sally Eames, Bond University
  • Emma Thomas, Bond University
  • Paul P. Glasziou, Bond University
Date of this Version
1-1-2015
Document Type
Journal Article
Grant Number
NHMRC/Primary Health Care Research Evaluation and Development Career Development Fellowship (number: 1033038) with funding provided by the Australian Department of Health and Ageing. NHMRC Australia Fellowship No: 527500
Publication Details

Published version

Hoffmann, T. C., Walker, M. F., Langhorne, P., Eames, S., Thomas, E., & Glasziou, P. (2015). What's in a name? The challenge of describing interventions in systematic reviews: analysis of a random sample of reviews of non-pharmacological stroke interventions. BMJ Open, 5(11), 1-11.

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2015 HERDC submission

© Copyright, The Authors, 2015

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0
Abstract
Objective To assess, in a sample of systematic reviews of non-pharmacological interventions, the completeness of intervention reporting, identify the most frequently missing elements, and assess review authors’ use of and beliefs about providing intervention information. Design Analysis of a random sample of systematic reviews of non-pharmacological stroke interventions; online survey of review authors. Data sources and study selection The Cochrane Library and PubMed were searched for potentially eligible systematic reviews and a random sample of these assessed for eligibility until 60 (30 Cochrane, 30 non-Cochrane) eligible reviews were identified. Data collection In each review, the completeness of the intervention description in each eligible trial (n=568) was assessed by 2 independent raters using the Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR) checklist. All review authors (n=46) were invited to complete a survey. Results Most reviews were missing intervention information for the majority of items. The most incompletely described items were: modifications, fidelity, materials, procedure and tailoring (missing from all interventions in 97%, 90%, 88%, 83% and 83% of reviews, respectively). Items that scored better, but were still incomplete for the majority of reviews, were: ‘when and how much’ (in 31% of reviews, adequate for all trials; in 57% of reviews, adequate for some trials); intervention mode (in 22% of reviews, adequate for all trials; in 38%, adequate for some trials); and location (in 19% of reviews, adequate for all trials). Of the 33 (71%) authors who responded, 58% reported having further intervention information but not including it, and 70% tried to obtain information. Conclusions Most focus on intervention reporting has been directed at trials. Poor intervention reporting in stroke systematic reviews is prevalent, compounded by poor trial reporting. Without adequate intervention descriptions, the conduct, usability and interpretation of reviews are restricted and therefore, require action by trialists, systematic reviewers, peer reviewers and editors.
Citation Information
Tammy Hoffmann, Marion Walker, Peter Langhorne, Sally Eames, et al.. "What's in a name? The challenge of describing interventions in systematic reviews: analysis of a random sample of reviews of non-pharmacological stroke interventions" BMJ Open Vol. 5 Iss. 11 (2015) p. 1 - 11 ISSN: 2044-6055
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/paul_glasziou/175/