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Quantitative Determination of Phytate and Inorganic Phosphorus for Maize Breeding
Crop Science
  • Aaron J. Lorenz, University of Wisconsin-Madison
  • M. Paul Scott, United States Department of Agriculture
  • Kendall R Lamkey, Iowa State University
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Phytate is the dominant storage form of phosphorus (P) in mature cereal and oil grains. Phosphorus bound in phytate is nutritionally unavailable to monogastric animals and thus contributes to water pollution because it is excreted in the waste. Also, phytate can chelate certain minerals and exacerbate human mineral deficiencies. Our primary objective was to develop a rapid and inexpensive method of measuring phytate and inorganic P (Pi) concentrations in maize (Zea mays L.). The procedure reported herein was derived from previously published assays and used to screen 50 inbred lines to determine its potential in a selection program. Grain yield, protein, oil, methionine, lysine, tryptophan, and kernel weight were also measured. Field repeatability values for phytate and Pi (0.78 and 0.91, respectively) suggest that our protocol can be used to make heritable measurements on both traits. Phytate measurements taken with the procedure reported herein matched closely those obtained through ion exchange. The combination of adequate precision and simplicity make this method ideal for breeders interested in improving Pi and phytate levels simultaneously. The positive phytate:protein correlation reported commonly was also detected in this study. A relationship between phytate and kernel weight indicates that selection for low phytate may result in larger kernels.

This article is published as Lorenz, Aaron J., M. Paul Scott, and Kendall R. Lamkey. "Quantitative determination of phytate and inorganic phosphorus for maize breeding." Crop science 47, no. 2 (2007): 600-604, doi: 10.2135/cropsci2006.03.0177.

Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.
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Aaron J. Lorenz, M. Paul Scott and Kendall R Lamkey. "Quantitative Determination of Phytate and Inorganic Phosphorus for Maize Breeding" Crop Science Vol. 47 Iss. 2 (2007) p. 600 - 604
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