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Article
Differences between Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders: Rural Social Work Implications for Prevention, Assessment and Treatment
Contemporary Rural Social Work
  • Susan M. Ryan, University of Vermont
  • George S. Leibowitz, University of Vermont
  • Jeanne M. Nauheimer, University of Vermont
  • Paul Force-Emery Mackie, Minnesota State University - Mankato
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
1-1-2014
Abstract

This literature review examined nine quantitative research studies published between 1992-2013 that compared children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) to identify: (a) the differences between these children (e.g., intellectual, behavioral); and (b) the diagnostic tools that may be used to distinguish between them, thereby providing a differential diagnosis. Special focus was placed on rural treatment implications. These studies revealed differences between the intellectual, executive functioning, adaptive behavior, motor, and behavioral skills of children with FASD and ADHD. This review identified neurodevelopmental assessments used in these nine research studies that appear to support learning and behavior differences between children with FASD and ADHD. Implications for prevention, assessment, and mental health treatment in rural social work practice are offered.

Creative Commons License
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0
Citation Information
Ryan, S., Leibowitz, G.S., Nauheimer, J.M., & Mackie, P.F.E. (2014). Differences between Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders: Rural Social Work Implications for Prevention, Assessment and Treatment. Contemporary Rural Social Work, 6, 40-57.