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Article
Landscape Evolution in South-Central Minnesota and the Role of Geomorphic History on Modern Erosional Processes
GSA Today (2011)
  • Karen B. Gran
  • Patrick Belmont, Utah State University
  • Stephanie S. Day
  • Noah Finnegan
  • Carrie Jennings
  • J. Wesley Lauer
  • Peter R. Wilcock
Abstract
The Minnesota River Valley was carved during catastrophic drainage of glacial Lake Agassiz at the end of the late Pleistocene. The ensuing base-level drop on tributaries created knickpoints that excavated deep valleys as they migrated upstream. A sediment budget compiled in one of these tributaries, the Le Sueur River, shows that these deep valleys are now the primary source of sediment to the Minnesota River. To compare modern sediment loads with pre-European settlement erosion rates, we analyzed incision history using fluvial terrace ages to constrain a valley incision model. Results indicate that even though the dominant sediment sources are derived from natural sources (bluffs, ravines, and streambanks), erosion rates have increased substantially, due in part to pervasive changes in watershed hydrology.
Keywords
  • Landscape,
  • Minnesota,
  • Geomorphic History,
  • Erosional Process
Publication Date
January 1, 2011
Publisher Statement
DOI: 10.1130/G121A.1
Citation Information
Gran, K.B., Belmont, P., Day, S.S., Finnegan, N., Jennings, C., Lauer, J.W., Wilcock, P.R. (2011) Landscape evolution in south-central Minnesota and the role of geomorphic history on modern erosional processes. GSA Today. 21 (9): 7-9.