Identification of a new class of antifungals targeting the synthesis of fungal sphingolipidsmBio (2015)
Recent estimates suggest that>300 million people are afflicted by serious fungal infections worldwide. Current antifungal drugs are static and toxic and/or have a narrow spectrum of activity. Thus, there is an urgent need for the development of new antifungal drugs. The fungal sphingolipid glucosylceramide (GlcCer) is critical in promoting virulence of a variety of human-pathogenic fungi. In this study, we screened a synthetic drug library for compounds that target the synthesis of fungal, but not mammalian, GlcCer and found two compounds [N=-(3-bromo-4-hydroxybenzylidene)-2-methylbenzohydrazide (BHBM) and its derivative, 3-bromo-N=-(3-bromo-4-hydroxybenzylidene) benzohydrazide (D0)] that were highly effective in vitro and in vivo against several pathogenic fungi. BHBM and D0 were well tolerated in animals and are highly synergistic or
additive to current antifungals. BHBM and D0 significantly affected fungal cell morphology and resulted in the accumulation of
intracellular vesicles. Deep-sequencing analysis of drug-resistant mutants revealed that four protein products, encoded by genes
APL5, COS111, MKK1, and STE2, which are involved in vesicular transport and cell cycle progression, are targeted by BHBM.
Publication DateSummer June 23, 2015
Citation InformationPatrick Flaherty. "Identification of a new class of antifungals targeting the synthesis of fungal sphingolipids" mBio Vol. 6 Iss. 3 (2015)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/patrick-flaherty/13/