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Article
Human Interaction Moderates Plasma Cortisol and Behavioral Responses of Dogs to Shelter Housing
Physiology & Behavior
  • Matthew D. Shiverdecker
  • Patricia A. Schiml, Wright State University - Main Campus
  • Michael B. Hennessy, Wright State University - Main Campus
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
1-17-2013
Abstract
Housing in an animal shelter is a stressful experience for dogs. This study examined the effects of different forms of human interaction on concentrations of circulating cortisol and stress-related behaviors of dogs within 40 h of admittance to a county animal shelter. Blood samples were collected before and after 30-min sessions in a secluded area in which dogs received one of three forms of human interaction: exposure to a passive human, petting, or play. Controls were either exposed to the secluded area alone, or remained in the general housing area. There was a substantial and near uniform reduction in plasma cortisol concentrations from pretest to post-test in all three conditions receiving human interaction, but not in control conditions. Human interaction also reduced behavioral signs of excitation/social solicitation (vocalizing) and fear (panting). Finally, pretest cortisol levels were found to predict levels of panting and another fear-related behavior (tongue protrusions) that dogs exhibited during subsequent testing. The findings suggest practical means of reducing stress, and potentially of improving the welfare, of dogs in shelters.
DOI
10.1016/j.physbeh.2012.12.002
Citation Information
Matthew D. Shiverdecker, Patricia A. Schiml and Michael B. Hennessy. "Human Interaction Moderates Plasma Cortisol and Behavioral Responses of Dogs to Shelter Housing" Physiology & Behavior Vol. 109 (2013) p. 75 - 79 ISSN: 00319384
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/patricia_schiml/21/