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Article
2D and 3D CFD Simulations of Bubbling Fluidized Beds Using Eulerian-Eulerian Models
International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering (2007)
  • Luca Cammarata
  • Paola Lettieri, University College London
  • Giorgio D. M. Micale
  • Derek Colman
Abstract

This paper reports on CFD simulations of freely bubbling gas fluidized beds using CFX-4, a commercial code developed by CFX Ltd. (formerly AEA Technology). Two Eulerian-Eulerian modelling approaches, the granular kinetic model and the particle-bed model (Gibilaro, 2001), have been investigated. The particle bed model has been recently implemented in CFX-4 for 2D simulations and a numerical procedure was developed to allow for a tight control of the fluid-bed voidage at maximum packing during the simulations, see Lettieri et al. (2003). The work has now been extended to 3D simulations and qualitative and quantitative results are presented in this paper for both the 2D and 3D simulations of the bubbling fluidization of a Geldart Group B material. Results on bed expansion, bubble size and bubble hold-up are reported. In particular, simulated bubble size is compared with predictions given by the Darton et al. (1977) equation at different bed heights. The paper shows that the bubble size predicted by both the granular kinetic model and the particle-bed model is in good agreement with the Darton's equation.

Keywords
  • Computational Fluid Dynamics,
  • Fluidization,
  • Eulerian Granular Kinetic Model,
  • Particle-Bed Model,
  • 2D and 3D Simulations
Publication Date
January, 2007
Citation Information
Luca Cammarata, Paola Lettieri, Giorgio D. M. Micale and Derek Colman. "2D and 3D CFD Simulations of Bubbling Fluidized Beds Using Eulerian-Eulerian Models" International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering Vol. 1 (2007)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/paola_lettieri/1/