Beating Dark-Dark Solitons and Zitterbewegung in Spin-Orbit Coupled Bose-Einstein CondensatesPhysical Review A (2014)
AbstractWe present families of beating dark-dark solitons in spin-orbit (SO) -coupled Bose-Einstein condensates. These families consist of solitons residing simultaneously in the two bands of the energy spectrum. The soliton components are characterized by two different spatial and temporal scales, which are identified by a multiscale expansion method. The solitons are “beating” ones, as they perform density oscillations. The characteristic frequency of the latter is relevant to Zitterbewegung (ZB) oscillations, which were recently observed in experiments with SO-coupled condensates [C. Qu et al., Phys. Rev. A 88, 021604(R) (2013); L. J. LeBlanc et al., New J. Phys. 15, 073011 (2013)]. We find that spin oscillations may occur, depending on the parity of each soliton branch, which consequently lead to ZB oscillations of the beating dark solitons. Analytical results are corroborated by numerical simulations, illustrating the robustness of the solitons.
Citation InformationV. Achilleos, D. J. Frantzeskakis and Panos Kevrekidis. "Beating Dark-Dark Solitons and Zitterbewegung in Spin-Orbit Coupled Bose-Einstein Condensates" Physical Review A (2014)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/panos_kevrekidis/262/