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Article
Dark solitons and vortices in PT-symmetric nonlinear media: From spontaneous symmetry breaking to nonlinear PT phase transitions
Physical Review A (2012)
  • V. Achilleos
  • Panos Kevrekidis, UMASS, Amherst
  • D. J. Frantzeskakis
  • R. Carretero-Gonz´alez
Abstract
We consider nonlinear analogs of parity-time- (PT-) symmetric linear systems exhibiting defocusing nonlinearities. We study the ground state and odd excited states (dark solitons and vortices) of the system and report the following remarkable features. For relatively weak values of the parameter ɛ controlling the strength of the PT-symmetric potential, excited states undergo (analytically tractable) spontaneous symmetry breaking; as ɛ is further increased, the ground state and first excited state, as well as branches of higher multisoliton (multivortex) states, collide in pairs and disappear in blue-sky bifurcations, in a way which is strongly reminiscent of the linear PT phase transition—thus termed the nonlinear PT phase transition. Past this critical point, initialization of, e.g., the former ground state, leads to spontaneously emerging solitons and vortices.
Disciplines
Publication Date
July 6, 2012
Publisher Statement
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.86.013808
Citation Information
V. Achilleos, Panos Kevrekidis, D. J. Frantzeskakis and R. Carretero-Gonz´alez. "Dark solitons and vortices in PT-symmetric nonlinear media: From spontaneous symmetry breaking to nonlinear PT phase transitions" Physical Review A Vol. 86 Iss. 1 (2012)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/panos_kevrekidis/215/