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Nonequilibrium dynamics and superfluid ring excitations in binary bose-einstein condensates
  • KM Mertes
  • JW Merrill
  • R Carretero-Gonzalez
  • DJ Frantzeskakis
  • PG Kevrekidis, University of Massachusetts - Amherst
  • DS Hall
Publication Date
We revisit a classic study [D. S. Hall et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1539 (1998)] of interpenetrating Bose-Einstein condensates in the hyperfine states |F=1,mf=-1⟩≡|1⟩ and |F=2,mf=+1⟩≡|2⟩ of 87Rb and observe striking new nonequilibrium component separation dynamics in the form of oscillating ringlike structures. The process of component separation is not significantly damped, a finding that also contrasts sharply with earlier experimental work, allowing a clean first look at a collective excitation of a binary superfluid. We further demonstrate extraordinary quantitative agreement between theoretical and experimental results using a multicomponent mean-field model with key additional features: the inclusion of atomic losses and the careful characterization of trap potentials (at the level of a fraction of a percent).
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Citation Information
KM Mertes, JW Merrill, R Carretero-Gonzalez, DJ Frantzeskakis, et al.. "Nonequilibrium dynamics and superfluid ring excitations in binary bose-einstein condensates" PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Vol. 99 Iss. 19 (2007)
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