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Article
Thermal Properties of Starch from 62 Exotic Maize (Zea mays L.) Lines Grown in Two Locations
Cereal Chemistry
  • K.Y. Ng, Iowa State University
  • Linda M. Pollak, United States Department of Agriculture
  • Susan A. Duvick, United States Department of Agriculture
  • Pamela J. White, Iowa State University
Document Type
Article
Publication Version
Published Version
Publication Date
11-1-1997
DOI
10.1094/CCHEM.1997.74.6.837
Abstract
The variability in thermal properties among 62 S3 lines derived from a high-yielding exotic corn (Zea mays) population, Antigua 1 (PI 484990), was evaluated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The S3 lines were grown in Puerto Rico (1990–1991) and Georgia (1994). Separate single-kernel starch extractions for five kernels (five replicates) from each line grown in each location were performed, and the starch was analyzed. The DSC values reported included gelatinization onset (ToG), range (RG), enthalpy (ΔHG), and peak height index (PHI) and retrogradation onset (ToR), range (RR), enthalpy (ΔHR), and percent retrogradation (%R) (an indication of the stability of gelatinized starch after storing at 4°C for 7 days). Significant differences (P< 0.05) were found among the 62 lines of Antigua 1 for ToG, RG, and PHI and highly significant differences (P < 0.01) were found for ΔHG. The starches from plants grown in Georgia (1994) had significantly (P < 0.05) greater ToG, ΔHG, and PHI but a significantly lower RG than those from Puerto Rico (1990–1991). These data suggest that the starch from plants grown in Georgia (1994) might have a greater degree of crystallinity than that from Puerto Rico (1990–1991). None of the retrogradation values were significantly different among starches of the 62 lines of Antigua 1 and the starches from plants grown in the two locations.
Comments

This article is from Cereal Chemistry, November 1997, 74(6); 837-841. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/CCHEM.1997.74.6.837.

Rights
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.
Language
en
File Format
application/pdf
Citation Information
K.Y. Ng, Linda M. Pollak, Susan A. Duvick and Pamela J. White. "Thermal Properties of Starch from 62 Exotic Maize (Zea mays L.) Lines Grown in Two Locations" Cereal Chemistry Vol. 74 Iss. 6 (1997) p. 837 - 841
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/pamela_white/38/