Breaking Free of Chevron’s Constraints: Zuni Public School District 89, et al. v. U.S. Department of EducationExpressO (2007)
AbstractBreaking Free of Chevron’s Constraints: Zuni Public School District 89, et al. v. U.S. Department of Education, analyzes the Supreme Court’s latest review of an administrative interpretation under Chevron review, and concludes that the doctrine’s exclusive focus on deciding “who gets to decide” led to a complete failure by the Court to consider the consequences of the agency interpretation at issue. Such a failure renders the Court unprepared to accurately determine whether the agency interpretation is “permissible” under the second prong of Chevron review. As a solution, the article advocates for the replacement of Chevron’s second prong with the more consequence-oriented arbitrary and capricious review. Although such a replacement limits agency discretion, it serves Chevron’s underlying goal of ensuring that agency actions reflect Congressional intent. In light of the Court’s recent administrative law decisions clarifying the parameters of Chevron review, the Zuni case offers yet another opportunity for the Court to delineate the outer limits of the review doctrine and its accompanying deference. The article uses a case that highlights the intersection between administrative law and public education to further the debate about those parameters, and to present a situation in which decreased agency deference is particularly appropriate. Finally, the article draws attention not only to the necessity of a more rigorous review when the provision of adequate public education is at stake, but to the broader implications of a review schema that is overly deferential to agency action.
Publication DateMarch, 2007
Citation InformationOsamudia R. James. "Breaking Free of Chevron’s Constraints: Zuni Public School District 89, et al. v. U.S. Department of Education" ExpressO (2007)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/osamudia_james/1/