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Article
Emotions and Actions Associated with Altruistic Helping and Punishment
Evolutionary Psychology
  • Omar Tonsi Eldakar, Binghamton University--SUNY
  • David Sloan Wilson, Binghamton University--SUNY
  • Rick O'Gorman, University of Kent at Canterbury - U.K.
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
1-1-2006
Keywords
  • Altruism,
  • Punishment,
  • Helping,
  • Cheating,
  • Altruistic Punishment,
  • Selfish Punishment
Disciplines
Peer Reviewed
1
Abstract

Evolutionary altruism (defined in terms of fitness effects) exists in the context of punishment in addition to helping. We examine the proximate psychological mechanisms that motivate altruistic helping and punishment, including the effects of genetic relatedness, potential for future interactions, and individual differences in propensity to help and punish. A cheater who is a genetic relative provokes a stronger emotional reaction than a cheater who is a stranger, but the behavioral response is modulated to avoid making the transgression public in the case of cheating relatives. Numerous behavioral differences are not accompanied by emotional differences, suggesting that other psychological mechanisms dictate the specific response to emotion-provoking events. Paradoxically, there is a positive correlation between temptation to cheat and propensity to punish others for cheating, leading to a concept of "selfish punishment" that has been substantiated by a computer simulation model. This study demonstrates that fictional scenarios can provide an important methodological tool for studying the psychological basis of helping and punishment.

Comments

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 License (http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page(http://www.uk.sagepub.com.ezproxylocal.library.nova.edu/aboutus/openaccess.htm).

ORCID ID
0000-0002-4807-4979
DOI
10.1177/147470490600400123
Citation Information
Omar Tonsi Eldakar, David Sloan Wilson and Rick O'Gorman. "Emotions and Actions Associated with Altruistic Helping and Punishment" Evolutionary Psychology Vol. 4 (2006) p. 274 - 286 ISSN: 1474-7049
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/omar-eldakar/3/