Effect of the microstructure closed pore content on the acoustic behavior of polyurethane foamsJournal of Applied Physics (2011)
AbstractThe present paper proposes to investigate the links between the microstructure of polyurethane foams and their sound absorbing efficiency, and more specifically the effect of membranes closing the cells. This study is based on the complete characterization of 15 polyurethane foam with various cell sizes and reticulation rates (i.e., open pore content): (i) characterization of the microstructure properties (cell size Cs, strut thickness t, reticulation rate Rw…) from SEM pictures, (ii) characterization of nonacoustic parameters (porosity, airflow resistivity, tortuosity…) from direct and indirect methods. Existing analytical links between microstructure properties and nonacoustic parameters are first applied to fully reticulated materials. Then, they are improved empirically to account for the presence of the closed pore content. The proposed expressions associated to the Johnson-Champoux-Allard porous model allow a good estimation of the sound absorbing behavior of all polyurethane foams, fully reticulated or not. This paper also demonstrates the important effect of the presence of cell membranes: increase of the airflow resistivity, tortuosity, and the ratio between the thermal and viscous characteristic lengths while decreasing these two characteristic lengths. Thus, the sound absorption efficiency at low frequencies is improved but can be worsened in some higher frequency bands.
Publication DateSummer September 1, 2011
Citation InformationOlivier Doutres, Noureddine Atalla and Kevin Dong. "Effect of the microstructure closed pore content on the acoustic behavior of polyurethane foams" Journal of Applied Physics Vol. 110 Iss. 6 (2011)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/olivier_doutres/28/