Induction of Anchorage-Independent Growth in Primary Human Cells Exposed to Protons or HZE Ions Separately or in Dual ExposuresRadiation Research (2005)
Travelers on space missions will be exposed to a complex radiation environment that includes protons and heavy charged particles. Since protons are present at much higher levels than are heavy ions, the most likely scenario for cellular radiation exposure will be proton exposure followed by a hit by a heavy ion. Although the effects of individual ion species on human cells are being investigated extensively, little is known about the effects of exposure to both radiation types. One useful measure of mammalian cell damage is induction of the ability to grow in a semi-solid agar medium highly inhibitory to the growth of normal human cells, termed neoplastic transformation. Using primary human cells, we evaluated induction of soft-agar growth and survival of cells exposed to protons only or to heavy charged particles (600 MeV/ nucleon silicon) only as well as of cells exposed to protons followed after a 4-day interval by silicon ions. Both ions alone efficiently transformed the human cells to anchorage-independent growth. Initial experiments indicate that the dose responses for neoplastic transformation of cells exposed to protons and then after 4 days to silicon ions appear similar to that of cells exposed to silicon ions alone.
Publication DateOctober, 2005
Citation InformationNoelle L Cutter. "Induction of Anchorage-Independent Growth in Primary Human Cells Exposed to Protons or HZE Ions Separately or in Dual Exposures" Radiation Research Vol. 164 Iss. 4 (2005) p. 493 - 496
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/noelle-cutter/20/