In "Legal Theory and the Rule of Law" Noel Reynolds maintains that the rule of law can be understood as a set of conditions that rational actors would impose on any authority they would create to act in their stead in creating and administering legally binding rules. The authority and obligation associated with law derive from this fundamental convention, and the principles of the rule of law are the conditions of that agreement, which become thereby governing principles to which legislatures, judges, and enforcement agencies can be held in their official actions. These generally recognized standards are inherent in this conventionalist concept of law in the sense that natural lawyers have wanted, but they arise from a social fact, not a background moral or political theory, thus bridging the persistent chasm that divides positivist and natural law theorists.
- natural law,
- legal positivism,
- rule of law,
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