Tip malposition of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) is a frequently encountered problem. Invasive and noninvasive techniques for resolution of malpositions described in the literature are reviewed. A positive outcome using non-invasive techniques after a looped malposition in the axillary vein is discussed.
- central venous access lines,
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/noel_kerr/1/