Advanced Writing is the first in a series of books designed to develop the expository and argumentative writing skills that EFL learners need to express their ideas effectively. Through highly illustrative examples, model paragraphs, and carefully constructed exercises, students complete, step by step, activities which enable them to understand and fully appreciate in the writing process. Units one, two, and three will familiarize the students with the rudiments, format, and overall structure of the paragraph; unit four deals with techniques of support; units five through eleven deal with the rhetorical patterns most commonly found in expository writing (enumeration, chronology, process, description, definition, cause and effect, and comparison and contrast); unit twelve treats argumentation not as a rhetorical device in and of itself, but rather as a kind of writing which often employs a variety of rhetorical devices; finally, unit thirteen provides a number of dos and don'ts that enable the university students to revise and enhance their paragraphs.
The effective course-book/workbook format provides students with a powerful five-step approach to paragraph writing. Students will accomplish the following tasks that lead to clear, effective, and concise paragraphs:
Deduction: the initial step, in which the internal structures of different kinds of paragraphs are discussed.
Exposure: the second step, in which students read at least a model paragraph.
Analysis: the third step, in which students gain greater understanding of the structure of the model paragraph.
Planning: the fourth step, in which students make outlines for their own paragraphs based on their understanding of the models.
Writing: the final step, in which students write original full paragraphs.
The book covers the fundamental techniques and methods of paragraph writing, yet the format allows the teacher to insert additional exercises and assignments that are both class-specific and provide for the individual teacher emphasis. This flexibility should give the experienced teacher a focus for materials and the newer teacher a pedestal on which to build.
Because the course is based on paragraph writing, it does not pay much attention to grammatical structures. Naturally, EFL students, even at the advanced level, continue to have grammatical weaknesses. Advanced Writing deals with grammar problems that are specifically related to paragraph writing: punctuation, sentence structure, and so forth. The grammatical explanations are, however, very concise because the book focuses on paragraph development.
The ultimate goal of the book is to make sure that students finish their paragraph writing course with knowledge of the format of expository and argumentative paragraphs. Throughout Advanced Writing students are encouraged to write about topics that interest them, and are motivated to become fully engaged in the writing process. They are also persuaded to develop effective techniques for effective, clear, and concise paragraphs.
Publication DateSummer September 1, 2004
Citation InformationBirjandi, P., Alavi, S. M., & Salmani Nodoushan, M. A. (2004). Advanced writing. Tehran: Zabankadeh publications.