Skip to main content
Article
Sex Differences in Young Adulthood Metabolic Syndrome and Physical Activity: The Fels Longitudinal Study
American Journal of Human Biology
  • Karen E. Remsberg
  • Nikki Lynn Rogers, Wright State University - Main Campus
  • Ellen W. Demerath
  • Stefan A. Czerwinski, Wright State University - Main Campus
  • Audrey Choh, Wright State University - Main Campus
  • Miryoung Lee, Wright State University - Main Campus
  • William Cameron Chumlea
  • Shumei S. Sun
  • Bradford Towne, Wright State University - Main Campus
  • Roger M. Siervogel
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
1-1-2007
Abstract
Objective. To evaluate the effects of habitual physical activity (PA) on the metabolic syndrome (MS) in young adult men and women.Research methods and procedures. Cross-sectional PA data were utilized from 249 women and 237 men, aged 18–40 years in the Fels Longitudinal Study. MS components—abdominal circumference (AC), triglycerides (TG), HDL, blood pressure (BP), and fasting glucose (FG)—were dichotomized according to the National Cholesterol Education Program's Adult Treatment Panel III revised criteria. Leisure, sport, work, and total PA scores were calculated using the Baecke Questionnaire of Habitual Physical Activity. Multiple logistic regression modeling assessed the effects of PA, age, smoking, and BMI on MS status. Results. 26.9% of men and 19.3% of women had MS. For men, MS risk was reduced with increases in both total PA [OR = 0.65 (95% CI: 0.47, 0.90)] and sport PA [OR = 0.40 (95% CI: 0.23, 0.70)]. AC, TG, and HDL values also improved with total and sport PA. Among women, the risk for MS was marginally reduced by total PA [OR = 0.72 (95% CI: 0.50, 1.02)] and HDL levels were increased by both total PA [OR = 0.79 (95% CI: 0.63, 0.98)] and sport PA [OR = 0.54 (95% CI: 0.35, 0.84)]. Discussion. Increased total and sport PA reduces risk for the MS in young men, though not as clearly in young women.
DOI
10.1002/ajhb.20615
Citation Information
Karen E. Remsberg, Nikki Lynn Rogers, Ellen W. Demerath, Stefan A. Czerwinski, et al.. "Sex Differences in Young Adulthood Metabolic Syndrome and Physical Activity: The Fels Longitudinal Study" American Journal of Human Biology Vol. 19 Iss. 4 (2007) p. 544 - 550 ISSN: 10420533
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/nikki_rogers/44/