About Nicole Fogarty
Dr. Fogarty's lab focuses on ecological and evolutionary questions related to the fertilization success of broadcast spawners. Her lab is particularly interested in how density dependent mechanisms of reproduction will influence invertebrate population recovery, as well as spawning synchrony, reproductive isolation, and speciation. Previous research projects have been conducted in the following areas: coral hybridization, pre- and postzygotic isolating mechanisms in corals, polyspermy in sea urchin and corals, clonal structure of corals, the genetics and pheromones involved in corals spawning synchrony, threatened coral demographics, exogenous hormones and pollutants on sea urchin fertilization and larval viability, coral settlement under a variety salinity regimes, natural settlement in the Dry Tortugas, coral chimeras, and the use of fluorescence in coral recruit detection.
|2012 - 2018||Assistant Professor, Nova Southeastern University ‐ Halmos College of Natural Sciences and Oceanography, Department of Marine and Environmental Science|
fertilization ecology, larval ecology, coral hybridization, coral reef ecology, marine speciation, and molecular biology
|2010 - 2012||Postdoctoral Fellow, Smithsonian Marine Station|
|2010||Ph.D. Biological Science, Florida State University|
|1998||B.A. Biological Science, Wittenberg University|
The Global Invertebrate Genomics Alliance (GIGA): Developing Community Resources to Study Diverse Invertebrate Genomes Journal of Heredity (2014)
Over 95% of all metazoan (animal) species comprise the “invertebrates,” but very few genomes from these organisms have been sequenced. We have, therefore, formed a “Global Invertebrate Genomics Alliance” (GIGA). Our intent is to build ...
Tracking Transmission of Apicomplexan Symbionts in Diverse Caribbean Corals PLoS One (2013)
Symbionts in each generation are transmitted to new host individuals either vertically (parent to offspring), horizontally (from exogenous sources), or a combination of both. Scleractinian corals make an excellent study system for understanding patterns of ...
Asymmetric Conspecific Sperm Precedence in Relation to Spawning Times in the Montastraea annularis Species Complex (Cnidaria: Scleractinia) Journal of Evolutionary Biology (2012)
In broadcast spawners, prezygotic reproductive isolation depends on differences in the spatial and temporal patterns of gamete release and gametic incompatibility. Typically, gametic incompatibility is measured in no-choice crosses, but conspecific sperm precedence (CSP) can ...
Caribbean Acroporid Coral Hybrids are Viable Across Life History Stages Marine Ecology Progress Series (2012)
The Caribbean corals, Acropora palmata (elkhorn) and A. cervicornis (staghorn), are abundant in fossil records but recent disease outbreaks have led to unprecedented losses. Fused staghorn coral, A. prolifera, is an F1 hybrid with an ...
Weak Prezygotic Isolating Mechanisms in Threatened Caribbean Acropora Corals PLoS One (2012)
The Caribbean corals, Acropora palmata and A. cervicornis, recently have undergone drastic declines primarily as a result of disease. Previous molecular studies have demonstrated that these species form a hybrid (A. prolifera) that varies in ...
Genetic, Spatial, and Temporal Components of Precise Spawning Synchrony in Reef Building Corals of the Montastraea annularis Species Complex Evolution (2011)
When organisms release gametes into the sea, synchrony must be precise to increase fertilization and decrease hybridization. We tagged and genotyped over 400 spawning corals from the three species in the Montastraea annularis species complex. ...
Reticulate Evolution and Marine Organisms: The Final Frontier? International Journal of Molecular Sciences (2009)
The role that reticulate evolution (i.e., via lateral transfer, viral recombination and/or introgressive hybridization) has played in the origin and adaptation of individual taxa and even entire clades continues to be tested for all domains ...
New Perspectives on Ecological Mechanisms Affecting Coral Recruitment on Reefs Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences (2009)
Coral mortality has increased in recent decades, making coral recruitment more important than ever in sustaining coral reef ecosystems and contributing to their resilience. This review summarizes existing information on ecological factors affecting scleractinian coral ...
The Risk of Polyspermy in Three Congeneric Sea Urchins and its Implications for Gametic Incompatibility and Reproductive Isolation Evolution (2007)
Developmental failure caused by excess sperm (polyspermy) is thought to be an important mechanism driving the evolution of gamete-recognition proteins, reproductive isolation, and speciation in marine organisms. However, these theories assume that there is heritable ...
Pelagic Conditions Affect Larval Behavior, Survival, and Settlement Patterns in the Caribbean Coral Montastraea faveolata Marine Ecology Progress Series (2006)
The lack of detailed studies on the earliest life stages in corals currently limits the understanding of coral population dynamics. Although pre- and postsettlement processes both play a role in structuring coral populations, their relative ...
Reproductive Isolation and Hybridization Dynamics in Threatened Caribbean Acroporid Corals Oceanography Faculty Theses and Dissertations (2010)
The Caribbean corals, Acropora palmata and A. cervicornis, are abundant in fossil records but have recently undergone drastic declines primarily as a result of disease. Acropora prolifera, a hybrid of these species, has no fossil ...
Disease resistance in the threatened staghorn coral, Acropora cervicornis HCNSO Ocean Science Research Symposium (2018)
The staghorn coral, Acropora cervicornis, is a major reef-building scleractinian coral found throughout Florida and the Caribbean that experienced unprecedented population declines starting in the 1970s. The declines are attributed primarily to coral bleaching, white-band ...
Extensive phenotypic variation in Caribbean acroporid hybrids is likely a mechanism for adaptation to changing environments HCNSO Ocean Science Research Symposium (2016)
The merging of two genomes through hybridization produces a unique combination of traits and phenotypic variation in the hybrids. This phenotypic variation may promote hybrid adaptation to habitats not accessible to the parent species. While ...
Changing Seas: Coral Hybrids Marine & Environmental Sciences Faculty Proceedings, Presentations, Speeches, Lectures (2013)
While Elkhorn and Staghorn corals have undergone a drastic decline in the Caribbean, their hybrid, “Fused Staghorn,” is increasing in numbers in parts of the region. One scientist is studying the animals in Belize to ...
A Tale of Two Corals Marine & Environmental Sciences Faculty Proceedings, Presentations, Speeches, Lectures (2012)
Dr. Nicole Fogarty describes her research on a hybrid coral. This video was designed for middle school science students studying genetic diversity. In it, she explores the scientific theory of evolution by recognizing and explaining ...