The importance of the development and application of groundwater simulation mathematical models in the protection of aquifer systems is nowadays recognised as an undisputable fact. In this paper a mathematical model that was developed in order to simulate the operation of the Upper Anthemountas aquifer in Chalkidiki, Greece, is presented. The case study application investigated concerned the possible malfunction of the Waste Water Treatment Plant located within the study area. According to this scenario a possible malfunction of the treatment plant could pollute the underlying aquifer. A network of observation wells located downstream of the plant could detect the pollution and predict the time needed to reach the productive wells surrounding the area. This allows the local water resources managers to formulate a priori action-plans including, the alteration of the pumping schedule in order to prevent polluted water to be abstracted from the nearby wells and at the same time protect the public health, along with necessary measures concerning the prevention of further pollution and the restoration of the groundwater aquifer system.
- Groundwater management,
- mathematical modelling,
- groundwater protection,
- case study.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/nicolaos_theodossiou/1/