Polyol Induced Partitioning of Essential Oils in Water/Acetonitrile Solvent MixturesJournal of Liquid Chromatography & Related Technologies (2017)
Polyol induced extraction (PIE) is applied to the extraction of essential oils, using glycerol as a mass separating agent (MSA). In 1:1 acetonitrile / water solvent mixtures, two immiscible phases can be generated. PIE as an alternative extraction technique was assessed by the extraction of the main flavor and fragrance compounds that comprise six essential oils. In the extraction of eugenol (4-allyl-2-methoxy phenol) from clove buds, the partition coefficients were determined and the percent recovery and thermodynamic data in the temperature range of -20°C to 20°C were calculated. The main components present in each essential oil extract were identified via gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and the compositional profile was compared to traditional extraction techniques. The optimized extraction conditions (-10 °C, 1:1 ACN/water (v/v), 20% glycerol) for eugenol at-10°C give a partition coefficient (KPC) of 87 and an extraction efficiency of 97% in the acetonitrile-rich phase. The eugenol migration to the organic phase is a spontaneous process (▵G° = -9.3 kJ/mol) and an endothermic process (▵H° = 9.2 kJ/mol) with entropy being the driving force behind the reaction (▵S° = 70 J/K, T▵S° = 18.4 kJ). The technique was applied to five other essential oils (cinnamon bark, caraway seed, spearmint leaf, peppermint leaf and anise seed oils) with similar results.
Citation InformationThomas DelMastro, Nicholas Snow, Wyatt R Murphy and John R Sowa. "Polyol Induced Partitioning of Essential Oils in Water/Acetonitrile Solvent Mixtures" Journal of Liquid Chromatography & Related Technologies (2017)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/nicholas_snow/28/