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Determination of Parabens in Pharmaceutical Formulations by Solid-Phase Microextraction-Ion Mobility Spectrometry
Analytical Chemistry (2005)
  • John K Lokhnauth
  • Nicholas Snow
Solid-phase microextraction (SPME) coupled with ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) was used for the detection and quantitation of 4-hydroxybenzoate preservatives, methylparaben, ethylparaben, propylparaben, and butylparaben, in commercial pharmaceutical products. For the first time, SPME-IMS is described for the simultaneous detection, separation, and quantitation of multiple analytes in complex matrixes. The parabens are extracted from the samples using SPME, and the analytes on the fiber are heated by the IMS desorber unit and vaporized into the drift tube. The four preservatives differing only by a methyl group were separated in less than 18 ms. The analytical procedure was optimized for fiber coating selection, extraction time, sample pH, sample volume, ionic strength, and IMS conditions. Separation characteristics such as resolution, theoretical plates, and drift times of the parabens were also evaluated based on the direct interfacing of SPME to IMS. The conditions were tested using six over-the-counter topical products containing various combinations of preservatives. Analysis of the samples by SPME-IMS using benzyl paraben as an internal standard yields good comparison to an HPLC method, thereby reinforcing the applicability of this technique as a method for routine analysis. Limits of detection were 10 ng/mL for methylparaben and ethylparaben and 5 ng/mL for propylparaben and butylparaben. Good linearity range and reproducibility of less than 8% were obtained.
Publication Date
Citation Information
John K Lokhnauth and Nicholas Snow. "Determination of Parabens in Pharmaceutical Formulations by Solid-Phase Microextraction-Ion Mobility Spectrometry" Analytical Chemistry Vol. 77 Iss. 18 (2005) p. 5938 - 5946
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