The intent of this paper is to discuss the principles for forming industrial ecologies in master planned communities. There is a growing need for both land developers; government agencies and the construction industry to encourage a holistic approach toward newly constructed communities rather than creating bedroom dormitories where typically greater reliance on resources and emissions of green house gases occurs. The paper proposes a framework to understand how all of the aspects of sustainable local economies can compete in current global economic dynamics, which can over ride local economic potential.
It is evident as a society we need to make a rapid shift in share values toward protection of property, civil liberties and environmental protection; values still not commonly recognised equally across the planet. These values will predominate as we become more unified through global economic dynamics and its influence on built form, the commercial co-modification and production of space. Such changes are witnessed in the ever-constant draw away from an agrarian economic base to urban dependant, services based economies. This shift to urban environments has impacted on the growth and proliferation of urban fringe development, greater resource dependent land use and generation of waste.
Within Greenfield Master Planned Community many of the issues identified in sustainable economic inhibitors are encouraged by the rapid influx of new capital and new construction, generating high waste and based on antiquated consumers' consumption models. In developing and implementing a vision of a planned community, the forecasting of not only the built environment can be formulated but a vision of the economic and industrial activity as well. New communities attract a salience of knowledge-rich and technologically skilled workforce allowing for information and innovation as key conditions for competitive advantages in the post mass-production, information economy.
The opportunities to create a model utopian environment exist through various examples in the dispersed experience of global best practice. Innovative ways of creating employment or applying technology and unleashing the skill of human and social capital has yet to reach full potential. On a broader scope this paper aims to identify measures needed to bring economic development opportunities to the new communities. A unique opportunity lies within Australia at present to create a working model, contained within a planned community and based on principles of industrial ecology.
© Copyright P. N. Wales, 2003
- master planned communities,
- sustainable economies
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/ned_wales/3/