Skip to main content
The Role of Pharmacists in Primary Care Settings
The Research and Scholarship Symposium
  • Julie Cummings, Cedarville University
  • McKenzie Shank, Cedarville University
  • Nathanael Smith, Cedarville University
  • Olumami Amaye, Cedarville University
  • Cara Toms, Cedarville University
  • Thaddeus T. Franz, Cedarville University
  • Tracy Frame, Cedarville University
Type of Submission
  • Pharmacist,
  • PCP,
  • primary care physician,
  • MTM,
  • medication therapy management,
  • FQHC,
  • federally qualified health center,
  • roles,
  • clinical services,
  • disease management

Introduction: The profession of pharmacy has evolved from a dispensing role to an interdisciplinary clinical role in patient care. One area of patient care expertise is Medication Therapy Management Services (MTM), which includes services such as pharmacotherapy, medication therapy reviews, disease management, immunizations and other clinical services. Various studies have shown that pharmacists conducting MTM improve patient outcomes in some clinical settings. Amidst the valuable services all healthcare professionals are providing, increasing medical costs and a lack of primary care physicians have become overwhelming, potentially leading to negative patient outcomes. Gaps in communication between hospital, primary care clinics and community pharmacies also contribute to negative patient outcomes. Pharmacists can help bridge the gap in miscommunication and help improve patient outcomes by working in primary care settings.

Objective: To determine if the addition of pharmacists providing clinical services (i.e. MTM) in a primary care setting can support the prescribers’ patient care demands.

Methods: The study is an observational, exploratory study. All Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) in Ohio will be invited to participate. FQHCs are identified from the HRSA Office of Pharmacy Affairs as Consolidated Health Center Programs. IRB approval will be acquired. A Qualtrics survey will be administered via email to the participants which will include a consent form, information about the study and a link to the survey. The survey will include demographic, open-ended and 5-point Likert-type scale (1=strongly agree, 5=strongly disagree) questions. Reliability and validity of the survey will be established by a thorough search of the literature and expert review.

Results: Upon approval from the IRB, data will be collected from summer 2014 to summer 2015. Submitted surveys will be analyzed with the appropriate statistical tests in SPSS. Data will be presented in spring of 2016.

Faculty Sponsor or Advisor’s Name
Tracy Frame, Pharm.D.; Thaddeus Franz, Pharm.D.
Campus Venue
Stevens Student Center
Cedarville, OH
Start Date
4-16-2014 11:00 AM
End Date
4-16-2014 2:00 PM
Creative Commons License
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0
Citation Information
Julie Cummings, McKenzie Shank, Nathanael Smith, Olumami Amaye, et al.. "The Role of Pharmacists in Primary Care Settings" (2014)
Available at: